ISSN-2348-8824(Print), 3048-5061 (Online)

RNI No: HARENG/2021/35200
Vol, XIV, No. 2 December 2023 – March-2024

Dr. Shraddha Kapoor 


Artificial Intelligence (AI) is reshaping most of the fields worldwide. On a daily basis, we witness the use of AI in different forms such as using ChatGPT, interacting with Alexa, watching AI-based reels on Instagram, playing AI-based educational games, welcoming the G20 delegates through AI-powered anchors and so much more. It has made its way into different fields such as healthcare, finance, transportation, and education. In the current scenario, AI is playing a key role in implementing and designing ECCE programs.


Young children nowadays are growing up in a world where AI is omnipresent (Chen and Lin, 2023). This new wave of generative AI has ignited a new hope for better ECE (Yang, 2022). With all the positives, it comes with its own fear of uncertainties (Su and Yang, 2022, 2023). Some educationists and researchers support the use of AI for young children, and some highlight its negative impact and consequences for children as young as 3 years old. According to Chen and Lin (2023), in early childhood education, artificial intelligence is a ‘double-edged sword’ since it has both positive and negative consequences. Its positive implications include tailored learning, personalized interactive support, and enhanced accessibility to broader learning activities. Its negatives include overuse, privacy issues, ethical considerations, addiction, and misuse of AI. AI-powered toys and services such as PopBots, Quickdraw, among others, are designed for early childhood education to provide exciting learning experiences to learners as they engage with robots and kits and learn about them (Williams, 2018Williams et al., 2019a,b). Young children can explore and appreciate these AI technologies in their daily lives even though they may not grasp the science behind them (Su, 2023).

AI has a vital role to play in the administration, implementation and designing of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) programs. Some of the potential applications of AI in ECCE are delineated hereunder.

Automated Administration Tasks

According to a 2018 report by the National University of Education Planning and Administration (NUEPA) titled “Involvement of Teachers in Non-teaching Activities and its Effect on Education, in government schools of our country, teachers devote approximately 19.1% of their working hours to teaching.” They are engaged in other activities such as election-related tasks, pulse polio campaigns, and maintenance mid-day meal records. AI can help teachers to focus more on interacting with their students to promote better learning outcomes by reducing paperwork, data management, and other administrative responsibilities.

 Content Recommendation

Parents and teachers can use AI to suggest age-appropriate and instructive materials such as books, movies, and games for ensuring that children have access to high-quality resources.

 Data Analysis and Assessment

AI can analyse vast amounts of data to evaluate the efficacy of teaching methods, identify the areas of improvement, and offer guidance to educators to modify their strategies.

 Early Detection and Early Intervention

AI can assist in the early identification of developmental or learning difficulties in children. AI systems can identify potential issues by analysing the learning patterns of the learners for enabling timely intervention and support.

 Educational Games and Apps

AI-powered apps and games for learning can provide interactive and fun-filled learning experiences to young children. These apps make learning enjoyable for the learner’s progress and offer personalised feedback.

 Monitoring and Safety

AI can assist in keeping an eye on children in educational environments to ensure their safety and wellbeing. It can be utilized for facial recognition for attendance, security-based monitoring, as well as for obtaining alerts related to unusual activities.

 Parent-Teacher Communication

AI-powered chatbots can help parents and teachers to communicate and work together as partners by providing regular updates on the progress of the learners. This platform can be used for addressing their queries. Parents can also keep a watch on the performance of their child by signing in the platforms being used by the child.

 Personalised Learning

By determining each child’s needs and adapting the educational material to cater to those needs, AI can be used to design individualized learning experiences for each learner. Through tailor-made learning experiences, children can learn at their own pace for maximizing their potential.

 Speech and Language Development

The development of speech and language can be aided by AI-driven speech recognition and language processing technology. AI can help in children’s speech development, proper pronunciation, and improved linguistic comprehension.

 Virtual Teachers and Tutors

AI can function as virtual teachers or tutors by assisting students with their assignments, responding to queries, and explaining diverse topics. Virtual tutors can aid beyond the regular classroom hours.

While AI can have multiple advantages, it should be utilized in tandem with the expertise and guidance of parents and teachers. Effective use of AI in early childhood care and education requires collaboration, evaluation, monitoring, and ethical considerations. In order to ensure the appropriate and efficient use of technology for promoting children’s overall development, parents and teachers should work together as partners. Parents and teachers can work collaboratively for maximising learning outcomes in AI-based early childhood care and education.

Role of Parent-Teacher Partnership for Ensuring Effective Use of AI Tools

 Collaboration and Guidance

To ensure that children’s interactions with AI-based educational tools are positive and in line with educational goals, parents and teachers should work together to guide these interactions.

 Data Privacy and Ethical Considerations

Children can gain a thorough understanding of the ethical issues surrounding artificial intelligence. They may learn about issues such as data security, fairness, and transparency to make sure that they are responsible consumers of AI technology (M, M. 2023). Both parents and teachers can foster ethical AI usage by educating kids about critical thinking values and ethics as well as by building the foundation for their interactions with AI systems.

 Enhancing Learning Experiences

According to a research by Su and Yang, 2022, AI has considerably enhanced children’s abilities in areas such as creativity, emotion regulation, collaborative inquiry, literacy, and computational thinking. Teachers can incorporate AI-based tools and resources into the curriculum in order to enhance their learning experiences.

 Feedback and Assessment

AI offers many advantages for effective educational assessment. But it also has some drawbacks. Hence, stakeholders including educators, policymakers, and parents must collaborate to create plans that can help in maximizing the advantages of AI in providing effective educational feedback through holistic assessment while minimizing the risks involved (Owan et al., 2023). By using AI-generated data, teachers can observe learning patterns and provide additional support to the students.

 Monitoring and Safeguarding

In order to ensure that the content used by the children is age-appropriate and safe, both teachers and parents should play an active role in monitoring and supervising children’s use of AI technology.

 Promotion of Digital Literacy

Young children should be taught responsible and safe AI technology engagement by their parents and teachers. Emphasis should be laid on digital literacy. AI literacy for using AI applications effectively is important for all individuals to become AI literates in today’s digital world (Ng et al., 2021). Children need to be empowered and well-equipped to understand, use, and evaluate AI with the help of proper guidance (Williams et al., 2019).

 Selection and Evaluation

AI-based educational tools for learners should be selected carefully by parents and educators. Appropriateness, efficacy, suitability, quality, and compatibility with the learning objectives should be given consideration while choosing AI-based tools for children.


 Artificial intelligence (AI) is reshaping the roles of parents and teachers in early childhood education (ECCE) in India. AI-based learning platforms adapt to individual needs readily. Hence, they can play a crucial role in improving quality of education. By receiving data-driven insights on their child’s development and tailored suggestions for at-home activities, parents can actively participate in their child’s overall progress and all-round development. With the aid of AI tools, teachers can deliver personalized lessons effectively while streamlining administrative work and concentrating on teaching. Children learn better when parents, teachers, and AI work together to create a holistic learning environment. While AI can be a valuable educational tool, it should not replace the personal touch of parents and teachers. Parents and teachers should continue to engage in self-development, based activities such as reading to their children, engaging in creative play, and promoting social and emotional development. Therefore, in today’s rapidly transforming educational environment it is essential to maintain a balance between technology and human interactions.


About the Author

Dr Shraddha Kapoor is B.Sc., MSc. and Ph.D. from Lady Irwin College and joined the faculty after her post-graduation. Her areas of interest are early childhood education, childcare, principles of development, counselling and gender justice and empowerment. She has published several articles and chapters in journals and books. She is actively involved in research and M.Sc. and Ph.D. dissertation guidance in above areas. From the beginning, her research interest have been childcare and gender issues which she brings to our classroom teaching, trying to empower every student of her to live life with dignity, be aware of their rights and work towards gender equity.


Shraddha Kapoor 

Professor, Lady Irwin College

Department of Home Science



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